Pancreatitis is an inflammatory process in the pancreas. Biliary outflow is disrupted, as a result of which glandular enzymes do not enter the duodenum and remain in it. The pancreas begins to gradually collapse, threatening even with death.
Every year, more and more people are diagnosed with this type of disease. The pathology occurs even in adolescents. There are many reasons for the development of pancreatitis, from alcohol abuse, overweight to gallstone disease. Therefore, it is very important to follow a diet during the illness.
The role of enzymes in food digestion
Normal digestion requires pancreatic juice produced by the pancreas. In addition, the juice protects against the harmful effects of hydrochloric acid. It contains enzymes that break down carbohydrates, proteins and fats. If this does not happen, then most of the food received does not bring any benefit to the body.
The juice contains 4 enzymes. They are distinguished by 3 stages, the activation of which occurs approximately in the first 30-60 minutes after eating. Then there is a gradual decrease in activity and in literally 3-4 hours everything returns to its original level. If there are problems with the pancreas, then the enzymes are activated too early, leading to an inflammatory process or pancreatitis.
Fatty foods, consequences of abuse
Fats are found in all foods, even fruits, albeit in minimal amounts. But mostly fat is in bacon and fat. For example, 70 g of lard covers the amount of body fat that the body needs per day. Obviously, no one will limit themselves to just a few pieces of bacon a day.
Some products have hidden surprises. For example, Doctor's sausage contains 40% fat, although it is considered dietary. These products include popcorn, sauces, yogurts and foods.
Nutritionists recommend consuming no more than 1 g of fat per 1 kg of human weight. If the norm is not followed, obesity begins, which adversely affects absolutely all human organs, including the pancreas. Scientists have also found that fatty foods stimulate the pleasure center of the brain, and as a result, even if a person stops consuming fat, he can not get enough of normal food.
Ways to get rid of pain
Pancreatitis is accompanied by pain in the hypochondria. It starts after eating. It can be accompanied by weakness, belching, nausea and even stool disorders. The first step if an attack has started is to take antispasmodics, if you know which ones. If the attack is severe, it is better to call doctors.
After these two days, it is best to stay in bed for 2 days. Ice can be applied to the hypochondria. As long as the attack does not go away, you should not eat, drink only water, which should be warm.
If there is vomiting, it is better to vomit, it will become much easier immediately. It is best to breathe shallowly, holding your breath periodically.
How long does the diet last for pancreatitis
There is no clear time for the pancreatitis diet. It all depends on how fast the patient recovers. In chronic form, a person usually needs to closely monitor the diet for at least 1. 5 years.
In order not to harm the pancreas and "help" it to perform its functions more quickly, the following foods should be included in the diet:
- soups with noodles and vegetables;
- yesterday's bread;
- fried or cooked fish;
- steamed meat in rolls, mashed potatoes, pasta and cutlets;
- stewed and fried vegetables;
- Dairy and fermented milk products, but low in fat;
- small amounts of butter and vegetable oil;
- fried unsweetened fruit; gel
- jelly and compotes.
However, such a limited set of products will not always be in the diet; gradually, the number of products increases as it improves.
Limited or partially restricted products
Unfortunately, the list of foods banned for this type of disease is quite impressive. Invalid consumption:
- broths based on meat, fish and mushrooms;
- margarine; canned
- fatty meats and fish;
- any fried food;
- boiled eggs; caviar
- ; legumes
- barley, corn and millet porridge;
- banned vegetables that cause flatulence and contain high dietary fiber such as radishes and cabbage;
- freshly baked goods and bread;
- spicy dishes;
- citrus fruits.
You can't drink coffee, cocoa, strong tea. It is not desirable to drink juice. Carbonated drinks are strictly prohibited
Diet for chronic pancreatitis
The purpose of a diet in the presence of pancreatitis is to facilitate the inflammatory process and restore normal gland function. In chronic form, food should enter the body every 2-3 hours. You need to drink plenty of water, up to 3 liters. It is recommended to drink a glass of warm, clean water without gas for about 20 minutes before eating.
It is unacceptable to drink alcohol. You will need to keep your sugar and salt intake to a minimum. You cannot overeat and wash food. It is best to grind all the products thoroughly. The dishes must be at room temperature.
Diet for acute pancreatitis
After 2-3 days of fasting, a light diet should be followed. The menu can be structured as follows:
- 3 days after relieving the symptoms of the attack, inject weak tea without sugar;
- By day 5, you can already eat carrot or mashed potatoes;
- From day 7, it is allowed to introduce fish, but not fried or seafood;
- Milk and curd puddings have been in place since day 10.
Light soups and beef are allowed for 7 to 10 days. However, they should be used with caution, depending on the health condition. If unpleasant symptoms appear after use, they are removed from the diet immediately.
Many doctors recommend drinking oatmeal gel for 3 or 4 days. It has a low calorie content, but at the same time it is very satisfactory. The drink allows you to normalize stool and eliminate toxins.
Children's pancreatitis diet
In fact, the diagnosis of pancreatitis in childhood is extremely rare. But more often you may experience "reactive pancreatitis". These are temporary pancreatic problems associated with poor nutrition.
The problem is usually resolved within a few weeks. However, during this period you will need to maintain your child on a strict diet.
All products containing chemical additives, flavorings, colorings are unambiguously displayed. There are no trips to catering establishments and harmful fast food services.
However, fermented and salted dishes, broths, natural sausages, pies, cakes and even ice cream are allowed. But they must not be familiar to the child and can be used after the symptoms of "reactive pancreatitis" have resolved.
Therapeutic Diet Table 5 Number n Product List
This diet is recommended for chronic pancreatitis, gout, cholecystitis and many other diseases. The main goal of the 5p diet is to restore the normal functioning of the pancreas, liver and gallbladder.
Table 5 p is a rational approach to protein and carbohydrate intake. However, fat is almost completely reduced to zero. The menu should not contain products containing cholesterol, oxalic acid, purines, essential oils, fats. The amount of salt also decreases.
It is recommended to drink warm water on an empty stomach. Food should be carefully chopped, eaten in small portions. No alcohol. Eat an average of 5 times throughout the day.
The energy value of the menu must not exceed 2800 kcal. Medication should not be discontinued during the diet.
Sample diet menu for pancreatitis for a week
Here's how to create a weekly menu:
|Breakfast||Omelette and black bread, a cup of tea|
|Snacks||Cheese and cookies|
|Lunch||Stewed zucchini and buckwheat porridge|
|Dinner||Oatmeal, carrot puree|
|Breakfast||Low-fat shredded cheese, tea|
|Lunch||Vegetable soup, bread, lightly boiled beef|
|Dinner||Boiled chicken, vegetable stew|
|Breakfast||Low fat yogurt and apple|
|Snacks||Some cottage cheese|
|Lunch||Soup puree, boiled carousel|
|Snacks||Croutons, dried apricots|
|Dinner||Rice and cottage cheese pudding, fried meat|
|Breakfast||Omelet, a slice of bread|
|Lunch||Green bean stew, chicken stew|
|Dinner||Steamed rice and chicken|
|Lunch||Light soup, some boiled fish|
|Snacks||Choosing fried fruits|
|Lunch||Lentil soup, boiled beef|
|Dinner||Buckwheat porridge, boiled chicken|
|Breakfast||Boiled beets, toast|
|Snacks||Fried pumpkin, pasta without sauce|
|Lunch||Boiled potatoes, beef stew|
|Dinner||Rice pudding, chicken|
You can drink a glass of kefir at bedtime. And those with a sweet tooth can afford even a few milk chocolates.
You should always follow your doctor's advice strictly. Even after discharge from the hospital for the specified time must follow a diet to improve their own quality of life, prevent relapse. And to prevent the disease from developing, you need to monitor your own diet from an early age.